August 25, 2016

Article by TurkPA Secretary General Jandos Asanov dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the independence of the Kyrgyz Republic

Training kite made a hunting bird, Uniting tribes assembled a nation... (Excerpt from Epic of Manas)

At the feet of awesome Ala-Too Mountains 25 years ago a red flag with shanyrak (round top of nomadic dwelling) in its centre was hoisted heralding the birth of an independent nation – Kyrgyz Republic, which originates from the Great Kyrgyz Khaganate that once upon a time used to stretch from Pamir to Baikal.

During the course of the history the Kyrgyz state lay on the Great Silk Road and was known to Greek, Arab, Persian, Chinese civilizations from ancient times. The contemporary Kyrgyzstan is a meeting point of the East and West, North and South as well as a modern society that brings together the representatives of more than 100 ethnic groups.

Kyrgyzstan is a respected and trusted member of the international community and its rich culture is part of common Turkic heritage. The Kyrgyz Republic is a modern Turkic speaking country that cherishes its past while embracing universal values. That is why the country was voted a member of UN Human Rights Council for 2016-2018. Owing to its economic might and important geopolitical location in 2015 it acceded to the Eurasian Economic Union.

August the 31st was a turning point in the Kyrgyz history and 25 years since the declaration of its statehood has become a period full of events that facilitated maturation of Kyrgyz statehood. 25th independence anniversary is a festive occasion for all the citizens of Kyrgyzstan that are united with dream of building a strong and advanced democratic nation.

Since the time when Kyrgyzstan embarked on the road of independent existence it has dealt with many issues relating to political and economic reforms. Now the country is operating in the format of parliamentary republic. In compliance with the Constitution of Kyrgyz Republic, the country’s parliament is the highest representative body responsible for the law-drafting and overseeing its implementation.

The parliament is fully involved in the state affairs: it initiates reforms in all the areas and supervises their implementation. The current parliament has 6 political parties and they represent various views and approaches. The civil society of Kyrgyzstan is very active and well organized. Now there are more than 15 thousand of registered non-governmental organizations.

The Kyrgyz Republic, located in Central Asia, possesses substantial economic potential and skilled human resources. The country’s social and economic development indicators are significantly growing from year to year. For instance, in 2015 3.5% GDP growth was observed which included 6.2% growth in agriculture, 8% in investments, 2.7% in cargo transportation, 6% in overall retail sales. Nowadays unique and very conducive climate is being created for the foreign investors. Nationals from 45 countries from around the world can stay in the Kyrgyz Republic without visa up to 60 days.

It is encouraging that the country is trying its best to take the advantage of its vast tourism potential: Ala-Too and Alay mountain ranges, the latter being the homeland for Queen of the Mountains Khansha Kurmanzhan Datka, awe inspiring mountain peaks, such as Jengish chokusu and Khan-Tengri and eye-catching valleys, Issyk-Kol, which is one of the wonders of nature, tremendously described in the stories of Chyngyz Aitmatov, Osh – the city with 3000 years history, Balasagun, the birthplace of great Turkic writer Yusuf Hass Hajib Balasaguni, author of “Kutadgu Bilik”. Kyrgyzstan is rich for its unique natural-climatic recreational opportunities. For instance, 4.5 million foreign tourists visited Kyrgyz lands in recent years. Annually these numbers are steadily growing. Tourism is one of the facilitating factors in deepening cultural and humanitarian ties in our ever globalizing world.

Kyrgyzstan needs to be credited for its bold promotion of cultural values of nomadic people that played a huge role in the history of Eurasia. It has established the Centre of Nomadic Civilizations that studies the history and culture of nomads. The Second World Nomad Games, the opening ceremony of which is expected on 3rd September at Issyk-Kol - pearl of Central Asia and one of the highest mountainous lakes around the world, is a sports festival of global scale and brings together many nations that have had nomadic past. As it is well known, the nomadic culture has left a huge legacy that is reflected in the in the customs and way of life of many nations. These games are aimed at preserving and spreading unique nomadic sports. Sports teams from more than 35 countries are expected to participate in the international festival that includes Azerbaijan, Argentina, USA, Belarus, Brazil, Hungary, Guatemala, Germany, Israel, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Kazakhstan, China, Columbia, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Netherlands, Pakistan, Peru, Poland, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Czech, Sri Lanka, Ecuador, Estonia and Japan. The abovementioned event is very mush supported by TurkPA member-states.

The Kyrgyz Republic is open for mutually beneficial dialogue. The country has a huge potential in industry, mining and metallurgy. All the elements of periodic table can be found in the Kyrgyz lands. The country is rich with gold, silver, aluminum, iron, silicon and other minerals, which are widely used in manufacturing new technologies. What is more important for carrying out industrial projects and development of Kyrgyzstan is the availability of professional workforce and abundance of electricity.

In the modern world development and progress is impossible without energy. The rich water and energy potential of Kyrgyzstan is actively being developed. 90% of electric energy generated at the hydro stations and therefore does not harm the environment. Last year Kyrgyzstan managed to achieve energy independence by commissioning the Datka-Kemin power line as part of CASA-1000 project. Now after the completion of CASA-1000 project the energy produced in Kyrgyzstan will be exported to Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Transportation sector is briskly developing. Various parts of the country is connected with roads, the total length of which exceeds 35 000 kilometers. Furthermore there are plans to construct railway lines on the routes Russia-Kazakhstan-Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan and China-Kyrgyzstan-Uzbekistan. This railway lines connect the sea ports of the Pacific, Persian Gulf and the Medditerrean. Realisation of above projects will give substantial impetus to the overall development of the Kyrgyz Republic and its integration into the global economy. The talk about Kyrgyzstan and Kyrgyz people is of less value if the great ancient epic poem Manas is not mentioned.

Kyrgyzstan celebrated the 1,000th anniversary of Manas in 1995. The epic poem consists of approximately 500,000 lines and can be compared with the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata and the Tibetan Epic of King Gesar.

The end of oral epics in Central Asia has been prophesied since the nineteenth century. Nevertheless, we can observe a surprising vitality of oral performance and oral traditions among the Kyrgyz people. Manas still plays an important role in Kyrgyz cultural identity.

Manas is the classic centerpiece of Kyrgyz literature, and parts of it are often recited at Kyrgyz festivities by specialists in the epic, called Manaschi. Manaschis tell the tale in a melodic chant unaccompanied by musical instruments.

Nowadays the Kyrgyz Republic relies on its consistent state policy and strategy, speedily developing economy. Political and economic upheavals that the country has gone through hardened its resilience. Today Kyrgyzstan is a country which is known as a dynamic, competitive and mature state in the international community. The Republic has acquired its geopolitical weight, developed strong relationships with all partners and created investment-friendly environment.

Once great Kyrgyz writer Chyngyz Torokulovich Aitmatov said: - “Those from yesterday do not know what is going on today; those from today do not know what will happen tomorrow”. Keeping this in mind the Republic pays a great attention to the well-being and education of its citizens. Last year the 6 millionth citizen of the country was born. Today Kyrgyzstan has well educated, skilled and strongly motivated youth. That is why on the eve of its 25th independence anniversary Kyrgyzstan looks into future boldly and with confidence.